Safety and efficacy of antioxidants-loaded nanoparticles for an anti-aging application

Felippi CC, Oliveira D, Stroher A, Carvalho AR, Van Etten EA, Bruschi M, et al. Safety and efficacy of antioxidants-loaded nanoparticles for an anti-aging application. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 2012;8:316–21.

The aim of this work was to perform a pilot study on the safety and efficacy of nanoparticle formulation for cosmetic application. The encapsulated actives in the nanoparticles were a blend of coenzyme Q10, retinyl palmitate, tocopheryl acetate, grape seed oil and linseed oil. The nanoparticle suspension was characterized in terms of pH and particle size. For the safetyassessment, alternative methods as cytotoxicity and HET CAM were used. The clinical skin compatibility tests were also performed. The efficacy was evaluated in healthy volunteers presenting different degrees of periorbital wrinkles. Skin hydration was performed by corneometry. The nanoparticles presented narrow size around 140 nm and pH close to neutral and were suitable to cutaneous application. The alternative tests demonstrated that the nanoparticles did not present potential to induce skin irritant effects, cytotoxicity or generate oxidative stress. The clinical assays confirmed the in vitro results, demonstrating the safety of the nanoparticles, which were not irritant, sensitizing and comedogenic. Furthermore, the exposure to UVA light did not cause photoxicity. Regarding the efficacy, nanoparticles presented significant reduction in wrinkle degree after 21 days of application compared to the control. The volunteers could differentiate thenanoparticles and the control product by means of subjective analyses. In conclusion, thenanoparticles containing antioxidant actives were safe for topical use and presented anti-agingactivity in vivo and are suitable to be used as cosmetic ingredient.